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Prof Steffi Krause
Dr. rer. nat., MRSC, FHEA


All Publications


    • Zhou B, Das A, Zhong M, Guo Q, Zhang DW, Hing KA, Sobrido AJ, Titirici MM and Krause S (2021). "Photoelectrochemical imaging system with high spatiotemporal resolution for visualizing dynamic cellular responses." Biosensors and Bioelectronics  vol. 180,


    • Tu Y, Kyle C, Luo H, Zhang DW, Das A, Briscoe J, Dunn S, Titirici MM and Krause S (2020). "Ammonia Gas Sensor Response of a Vertical Zinc Oxide Nanorod-Gold Junction Diode at Room Temperature." Acs Sensors  vol. 5, (11) 3568-3575.


    • Zhou B, Das A, Kappers M, Oliver R, Humphreys C and Krause S (2019). "InGaN as a substrate for AC photoelectrochemical imaging." Mdpi  Sensors 
    • Wang J, Yang Z, Chen W, Du L, Jiao B, Krause S, Wang P, Wei Q, Zhang D-W and Wu C (2019). "Modulated light-activated electrochemistry at silicon functionalized with metal-organic frameworks towards addressable DNA chips." Elsevier  Biosensors and Bioelectronics  vol. 146, 111750-111750.
    • Wan K, Taroni PJ, Liu Z, Liu Y, Tu Y, Santagiuliana G, Hsia I, Zhang H, Fenwick O, Krause S, Baxendale M, Schroeder BC and Bilotti E (2019). "Flexible and Stretchable Self‐Powered Multi‐Sensors Based on the N‐Type Thermoelectric Response of Polyurethane/Na x (Ni‐ett) n Composites." Wiley  Advanced Electronic Materials  1900582-1900582.
    • Ahmad N, Colak B, Gibbs MJ, Zhang D-W, Gautrot JE, Watkinson M, Becer CR and Krause S (2019). "Peptide Cross-Linked Poly(2-oxazoline) as a Sensor Material for the Detection of Proteases with a Quartz Crystal Microbalance." Biomacromolecules  vol. 20, (7) 2506-2514.
    • Wu F, Zhou B, Wang J, Zhong M, Das A, Watkinson M, Hing K, Zhang D-W and Krause S (2019). "Photoelectrochemical Imaging System for the Mapping of Cell Surface Charges." Anal Chem 
    • Ahmad N, Colak B, Zhang DW, Gibbs MJ, Watkinson M, Remzi Becer C, Gautrot JE and Krause S (2019). "Peptide cross-linked poly (Ethylene glycol) hydrogel films as biosensor coatings for the detection of collagenase." Sensors (Switzerland)  vol. 19, (7)


    • Zhang D, Papaioannou N, Titirici M-M and Krause S (2018). "Photoelectrochemical Imaging Using Carbon Dots (CDs) Derived from Chitosan." Conference Proceedings  vol. 2, (13)
    • Ahmad N, Colak B, Gibbs MJ, Zhang D-W, Becer CR, Watkinson M, Gautrot JE and Krause S (2018). "Collagenase Biosensor Based on the Degradation of Peptide Cross-Linked Poly(Ethylene Glycol) Hydrogel Films." Conference Proceedings  vol. 2, (13)
    • TU Y, AHMAD N, BRISCOE J, ZHANG D and KRAUSE S (2018). "Light-Addressable Potentiometric Sensors using ZnO Nanorods as the Sensor Substrate for Bioanalytical Applications." American Chemical Society  Analytical Chemistry 
    • Wang J, Du L, Krause S, Wu C and Wang P (2018). "Surface modification and construction of LAPS towards biosensing applications." Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical  vol. 265, 161-173.
    • ZHANG D, PAPAIOANNOU N, David NM, LUO H, GAO H, Tanase LC, Degousee T, Samori P, SAPELKIN A, FENWICK O, TITIRICI M and KRAUSE SK (2018). "Photoelectrochemical response of carbon dots (CDs) derived from chitosan and their use in electrochemical imaging." Rsc  Materials Horizons 
    • TU Y, CHEN S, LI X, GORBACIOVA J, GILLIN WP, KRAUSE S and BRISCOE J (2018). "Control of oxygen vacancies in ZnO nanorods by annealing and their influence on ZnO/PEDOT:PSS diode behaviour." Royal Society of Chemistry  Journal of Materials Chemistry C 
    • Yoshinobu T, Krause S, Miyamoto K-I, Werner CF, Poghossian A, Wagner T and Schöning MJ (2018). "(Bio-)chemical Sensing and Imaging by LAPS and SPIM." Label-Free Biosensing 
    • Schöning MJ, Wagner T, Poghossian A, Miyamoto KI, Werner CF, Krause S and Yoshinobu T (2018). "Light-addressable potentiometric sensors for (bio-)chemical sensing and imaging." Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry: Surface Science and Electrochemistry 


    • Zhang D, Wu F and KRAUSE SK (2017). "LAPS and SPIM imaging using ITO coated glass as the substrate material." American Chemical Society  Analytical Chemistry 
    • Wu F, Campos I, Zhang D and KRAUSE SK (2017). "Biological imaging using light-addressable potentiometric sensors and scanning photo-induced impedance microscopy." Royal Society, The  Proceedings of The Royal Society a: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 
    • Wu F, Zhang DW, Wang J, Watkinson M and Krause S (2017). "Copper Contamination of Self-Assembled Organic Monolayer Modified Silicon Surfaces Following a “Click” Reaction Characterized with LAPS and SPIM." Langmuir  vol. 33, (13) 3170-3177.


    • Zhang DW, Wu F, Wang J, Watkinson M and KRAUSE SK (2016). "Image detection of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae by light-addressable potentiometric sensors (LAPS)." Electrochemistry Communications  vol. 72, 41-45.
    • Wang J, Campos I, Wu F, Zhu J, Sukhorukov GB, Palma M, Watkinson M and Krause S (2016). "The effect of gold nanoparticles on the impedance of microcapsules visualized by scanning photo-induced impedance microscopy." Electrochimica Acta  vol. 208, 39-46.


    • Wang J, Wu F, Watkinson M, Zhu J and Krause S (2015). "click Patterning of Self-Assembled Monolayers on Hydrogen-Terminated Silicon Surfaces and Their Characterization Using Light-Addressable Potentiometric Sensors." Langmuir  vol. 31, (35) 9646-9654.
    • Gibbs MJ, Biela A and Krause S (2015). "α-Amylase sensor based on the degradation of oligosaccharide hydrogel films monitored with a quartz crystal sensor." Biosens Bioelectron  vol. 67, 540-545.
    • Zhang H, Yilmaz P, Ansari JO, Khan FF, Binions R, Krause S and Dunn S (2015). "Incorporation of Ag nanowires in CuWO4 for improved visible light-induced photoanode performance." Journal of Materials Chemistry A  vol. 3, (18) 9638-9644.
    • Biela A, Watkinson M, Meier UC, Baker D, Giovannoni G, Becer CR and Krause S (2015). "Disposable MMP-9 sensor based on the degradation of peptide cross-linked hydrogel films using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy." Biosensors and Bioelectronics  vol. 68, 660-667.


    • Wang J, Zhou Y, Watkinson M, Gautrot J and Krause S (2014). "High-sensitivity light-addressable potentiometric sensors using silicon on sapphire functionalized with self-assembled organic monolayers." Elsevier  Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical  vol. 209, 230-236.


    • Dzaraini K, Norizan A, Krause S, Hunter C and Milanesi L (2013). "Degradation behaviour of thin polymer films of poly (amide ester) hydrogel using quartz crystal microbalance." Advanced Materials Research  vol. 812, 38-45.


    • Zhang DW, Zhang FT, Cui YR, Deng QP, Krause S, Zhou YL and Zhang XX (2012). "A label-free aptasensor for the sensitive and specific detection of cocaine using supramolecular aptamer fragments/target complex by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy." Talanta  vol. 92, 65-71.


    • Zheng X, Cook JP, Watkinson M, Yang S, Douglas I, Rawlinson A and Krause S (2011). "Generic protease detection technology for monitoring periodontal disease." Faraday Discussions  vol. 149, 37-47.


    • Chen L, Zhou Y, Jiang S, Kunze J, Schmuki P and Krause S (2010). "High resolution LAPS and SPIM." Electrochemistry Communications  vol. 12, (6) 758-760.


    • Kamarun D, Zheng XW, Milanesi L, Hunter CA and Krause S (2009). "A peptide cross-linked polyacrylamide hydrogel for the detection of human neutrophil elastase." Electrochimica Acta  vol. 54, (22) 4985-4990.
    • Stair JL, Watkinson M and Krause S (2009). "Sensor materials for the detection of proteases." Biosensors and Bioelectronics  vol. 24, (7) 2113-2118.
    • Sweeney SJ and Krause S (2009). "Selected Papers from the Second International Conference on Optical, Optoelectronic and Photonic Materials and Applications, 2007." J Mater Sci-Mater El  vol. 20, 1-2.
    • Sweeney SJ and Krause S (2009). "Editorial: Selected papers from the second international conference on optical, optoelectronic and photonic materials and applications, 2007." Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics  vol. 20, (SUPPL. 1)


    • Chen L, Zhou Y, Krause S, Munoz AG, Kunze J and Schmuki P (2008). "Repair of thin thermally grown silicon dioxide by anodic oxidation." Electrochimica Acta  vol. 53, (8) 3395-3402.


    • Zhou Y, Jiang S, Krause S and Chazalviel J-N (2007). "Biosensor arrays based on the degradation of thin polymer films interrogated by scanning photoinduced impedance microscopy." Anal Chem  vol. 79, (23) 8974-8978.
    • Zhou Y, Chen L, Krause S and Chazalviel J-N (2007). "Scanning photoinduced impedance microscopy using amorphous silicon photodiode structures." Anal Chem  vol. 79, (16) 6208-6214.


    • Krause S, Moritz W, Talabani H, Xu M, Sabot A and Ensell G (2006). "Scanning Photo-Induced Impedance Microscopy - Resolution studies and polymer characterization." Electrochimica Acta  vol. 51, (8-9) 1423-1430.
    • KRAUSE SK, Fernandez-Sanchez C and McNeil CJ (2006). "Sensors based on thin film degradation." Encyclopedia of Sensors  American Scientific Publishers 



    • Moritz W, Yoshinobu T, Finger F, Krause S, Martin-Fernandez M and Schoning MJ (2004). "High resolution LAPS using amorphous silicon as the semiconductor material." Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical  vol. 103, (1-2) 436-441.



    • Sabot A and Krause S (2002). "Simultaneous quartz crystal microbalance impedance and electrochemical impedance measurements. Investigation into the degradation of thin polymer films." Anal Chem  vol. 74, (14) 3304-3311.
    • Krause S, Talabani H, Xu M, Moritz W and Griffiths J (2002). "Scanning photo-induced impedance microscopy - an impedance based imaging technique." Electrochimica Acta  vol. 47, (13-14) 2143-2148.


    • Sumner C, Krause S, Sabot A, Turner K and McNeil CJ (2001). "Biosensor based on enzyme-catalysed degradation of thin polymer films." Biosensors & Bioelectronics  vol. 16, (9-12) 709-714.
    • Moritz W, Krause S, Roth U, Klimm D and Lippitz A (2001). "Re-activation of an all solid state oxygen sensor." Anal Chim Acta  vol. 437, (2) 183-190.


    • Sumner C, Sabot A, Turner K and Krause S (2000). "A transducer based on enzyme-induced degradation of thin polymer films monitored by surface plasmon resonance." Anal Chem  vol. 72, (21) 5225-5232.
    • Moritz W, Gerhardt I, Roden D, Xu M and Krause S (2000). "Photocurrent measurements for laterally resolved interface characterization." Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry  vol. 367, (4) 329-333.


    • Ho WO, Krause S, McNeil CJ, Pritchard JA, Armstrong RD, Athey D and Rawson K (1999). "Electrochemical sensor for measurement of urea and creatinine in serum based on ac impedance measurement of enzyme-catalyzed polymer transformation." Anal Chem  vol. 71, (10) 1940-1946.


    • Moritz W, Krause S, Bartholomäus L, Gabusjan T, Vasiliev AA, Godovski DY and Malyshev VV (1998). "Silicon-Based Sensor for Flourine Gas." Acs Symposium Series  vol. 690, 119-129.


    • McNeil CJ, Athey D, Ball M, Ho WO, Krause S, Armstrong RD, Des Wright J and Rawson K (1995). "Electrochemical Sensors Based on Impedance Measurement of Enzyme-Catalyzed Polymer Dissolution: Theory and Applications." Analytical Chemistry  vol. 67, (21) 3928-3935.
    • Moritz W, Krause S, Vasiliev AA, Godovski DY and Malyshev VV (1995). "Monitoring of HF and F2 using a field-effect sensor." Sensors and Actuators B Chemical  vol. 24, (1-3) 194-196.


    • Krause S, Moritz W and Grohmann I (1994). "Improved long-term stability for an LaF3 based oxygen sensor." Sensors and Actuators B Chemical  vol. 18, (1-3) 148-154.


    • Krause S, Moritz W and Grohmann I (1992). "A low-temperature oxygen sensor based on the Si/LaF3/Pt capacitive structure." Sensors and Actuators B Chemical  vol. 9, (3) 191-196.


    • Bobrov PV, Tarantov YA, Krause S and Moritz W (1991). "Chemical sensitivity of an ISFET with Ta2O5 membrane in strong acid and alkaline solutions." Sensors and Actuators B Chemical  vol. 3, (1) 75-81.