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Current research funding in the Division of Aerospace Engineering and Fluid Mechanics
£1,718,787

Division of Aerospace Engineering and Fluid Mechanics

Research Projects

The following are current funded research projects taking place within the research division:

iCASE Award Industrial Contribution BT


Principal Investigator: Jun CHEN
Funding source: BT PLC British Telecommunications PLC
Start: 01-10-2019  /  End: 30-09-2023
Amount: £36000

DJINN: impact on future Ultra-High-Bypass-Ratio commercial and business jet aircraft
Decrease Jet-Installation Noise (DJINN)


Principal Investigator: Sergey KARABASOV
Funding source: EU Commission - Horizon 2020
Start: 01-06-2020  /  End: 31-05-2023
Amount: £171866

The motivation of DJINN is to work on jet-wing interaction noise for representative engine, pylon and wing configurations at relevant flight conditions. The ambition of the QMUL team is to work with the leading UK and EU universities and aerospace companies in order to maintain industrial and economical leadership in the highly competitive global aviation market. https://djinn.online/

CAD-based wing optimisation for the XRF1 - CASE studentship Airbus


Principal Investigator: Jens-Dominik MUELLER
Funding source: Airbus Defence & Space Ltd
Start: 01-09-2018  /  End: 31-08-2022
Amount: £27000

The analysis of aircraft wings is highly multi-disciplinary including e.g. aerodynamic loads as well as structural weight. The large number of parameters that are needed to describe an optimal design requires gradient-based optimisation methods. The unique feature of the project is the first use of a gradient-enabled CAD system in aircraft design which was developed in a preceding project.

FlexNanoFlow
FlexNanoFlow


Principal Investigator: Lorenzo BOTTO
Funding source: Commission of the European Community
Start: 01-04-2017  /  End: 31-03-2022
Amount: £1017645

2D nanomaterials hold immense technological promise thanks to extraordinary intrinsic properties such as ultra-high conductivity, strength and unusual semiconducting properties. Our understanding of how these extremely thin and flexible objects are processed in flow is however inadequate, and this is hindering progress towards true market applications. When processed in liquid ...

GPU-LES of flow around a jet engine installed under a wing and a fuselage body at a take-off regime: vorticity field is shown inside the jet, while the surface shows pressure distribution just outside the jet hydrodynamic field.
JINA: Jet Installation Noise Abatement


Principal Investigator: Sergey KARABASOV
Funding source: EPSRC Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Start: 15-01-2019  /  End: 14-01-2022
Amount: £422276

One of the major aeroacoustical challenges of modern aircraft is the so-called "jet installation effect" due to the interaction of the jet hydrodynamic field with the airframe. The JINA project aims to address this challenge by bringing together expertise in experimental and computational aeroacoustics as well as design optimisation.

Engineering X Pandemic Preparedness


Principal Investigator: Eldad AVITAL
Co-investigator(s): Fariborz MOTALLEBI
Funding source: Royal Academy of Engineering
Start: 15-07-2020  /  End: 14-07-2021
Amount: £20000

Team: UK Principal Investigator: Dr Eldad Avital Partners: India – VIT Chenai Prof Nithya Venkatesan, IIT Madras Prof Abdus Samad Consultant: Emeritus Prof Clive Beggs, Leeds Beckett Researchers: QMUL PhD student: Yang Chen QMUL MEng team: Lidia Garcia, Muneeb Khawar, Ayman Mohammed, Maham Sandhu, Taylor Smith, Dena Rahman India research assistants: Rishav Raj, Mahesh Ravindra, Saket Kapse We develop a stand alone air disinfection device capable of inactivating the SARS-CoV-2 virus (Covid-19) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (tuberculosis (TB)). The devise utilises a novel particle separation technology, which boosts the air disinfection capabilities of an ultraviolet-C (UV-C) light source, allowing much larger quantities of air to be purified than would normally be the case. If successful, the device will represent a step-change on current air disinfection technologies and should prove helpful in combating the transmission of airborne (aerosol) diseases such as Covid-19 and TB within buildings. Light in the UV-C region produces photons that are absorbed by nucleic acids (both DNA and RNA) to form dimers (fused base pairs) that impair replication of pathogenic viruses and bacteria [1], greatly reducing their ability cause infection. It has been shown that UV-C light can inactivate coronaviruses and thus there is good reason to believe that the SARS-CoV-2 virus will be susceptible to UV irradiation [2]. Similarly, it has been shown that TB can be inactivated using UV-C light [3]. Both TB and Covid-19 are infectious diseases that are transmitted via aerosolised respiratory droplets produced indoors. As such, UV-C air disinfection devices have great potential to inhibit the spread of these diseases in room spaces if used appropriately. However, such devices are limited by the small air flow rate that they can handle. This is because pathogenic microbes often require high UV irradiation doses, with the result that the air velocity through such devices needs to be very low, meaning that they can only disinfect small amounts of air. However, by utilising particle separation it is possible to greatly enhance the irradiation capabilities of the device, thus allowing much larger quantities of air to be disinfected. [1] Beggs CB (2002). A quantitative method for evaluating the photoreactivation of ultraviolet damaged microorganisms. Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences. 2002. 1: 431-437, https://doi.org/10.1039/B202801H [2] Beggs CB, Avital EJ (2020). Upper-room ultraviolet air disinfection might help to reduce COVID-19 transmission in buildings: a feasibility study. PeerJ 8:e10196, https://peerj.com/articles/10196/ [3] Escombe AR, et al (2009). Upper-room ultraviolet light and negative air ionization to prevent tuberculosis transmission. PLoS Med 6 (3), e1000043, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000043

Iso-surface of velocity magnitude for the case of H-type Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT), LES, produced by Miss Yan, PhD student
Wind and water turbines: Simulation of unsteady aerodynamic forces and theoretical modelling


Principal Investigator: Eldad AVITAL
Co-investigator(s): Fariborz MOTALLEBI, Huasheng WANG and Ranjan VEPA
Funding source: Royal Society
Start: 20-03-2019  /  End: 19-03-2021
Amount: £12000

High fidelity flow-structural dynamics simulations of wind and water turbines will be pursued using advanced computing clusters and complemented by wind tunnel tests. The results will be analysed and used to derive new fast models that will support future development of new renewable energy devices extracting kinetic energy from the wind and water flows.

Simulation of unsteady aerodynamic forces and theoretical modelling


Principal Investigator: Eldad AVITAL
Funding source: Royal Society
Start: 20-03-2019  /  End: 19-03-2021
Amount: £12000