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School of Engineering and Materials Science

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DEN430: Bioengineering in Urology

Units: 1   Credits: 15   Semesters: A   Level: 7   Fulltime: Y
Description: The course explores a broad range of medical engineering associated with the areas of urology and nephrology. Topics will include surgical instrumentation, imaging and diagnostics, tissue engineering, implantable devices, functional electrical stimulators, dialysis and lithotripsy. Initially the course covers the basic anatomy, physiology of the urinary tract in health and disease, with particular reference to clinical incontinence. The course will utilize tissue and fluid mechanics to examine the biomechanics of the bladder and urodynamic clinical assessment. Specialist information will be provided by outside lecturers including clinicians and NHS clinical engineerings.
Method of Delivery (Teaching and Learning Profile):
Course Type: Taught
Approx hours to be spent by students in: Lectures: 22   Seminars: 0   Fieldwork/visits: 0
Lab work: 0   Timetabled project/coursework: 0
Percentage Credit for Examination: 55%    Credit for Coursework: 45%
Aims: To expose students to the broad area of medical engineering science and technology associated with urology and nephrology.
Objectives: To understand the basic structure and function of the lower urinary tract.
To understand the function of the kidney and engineering aspects of kidney dialysis.
To understand the application of fluid mechanics to the clinical area of urodynamics.
To understand application of tissue engineering in the urinary tract.
To understand some of the clinical instrumentation, imaging equipment and technology used in urology.
To understand the applications of medical engineering for the treatment of urinary incontinence.
To understand the potential of functional electrical stimulation in urology.
To understand some of the necessary legal procedures for developing a medical engineering device from initial concept to successful implant.
Syllabus: - Structure and function of the lower urinary tract
- Micturition cycle fluid mechanics
- Incontinence
- Medical engineering devices for treatment of incontinence
- Development of an artificial urinary sphincter
- Urodynamics - clinical procedure, pressure, flow rate analysis
- Lasers in urology and endoscopy
- Kryotherapy
- Electrosurgery equipment
- Diagnostic imaging of the urinary tract
- Stone formation and removal – Lithotripsy
- Functional electrical stimulation for controlling bladder function
- Anatomy of the kidneys and upper urinary tract
- Kidney physiology and renal function
- Kidney dialysis equipment
- Transplantation and tissue engineering of the urinary tract
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